Incarceration & Inequality
On the unequal distribution of criminal records: Sarah Shannon, Christopher Uggen, Jason Schnittker, Melissa Thompson, Sara Wakefield, and Michael Massoglia. “The Growth, Scope, and Spatial Distribution of People with Felony Records in the United States, 1980-2010.” Conditionally accepted for publication in Demography.
On criminal justice and the maintenance and creation of inequality: Wakefield, Sara and Christopher Uggen. 2010. "Incarceration and Stratification." Annual Review of Sociology.
On parental incarceration and the intergenerational transmission of disadvantage: Wakefield, Sara and Christopher Wildeman. 2013. Children of the Prison Boom: Mass Incarceration and the Future of American Inequality. New York: NY: Oxford University Press.
On parental incarceration and racial disparities in child wellbeing: Wakefield, Sara and Christopher Wildeman. “Mass Imprisonment and Racial Disparities in Childhood Behavioral Problems.” Criminology & Public Policy 10, 3: 793-817.
On the concentration of incarceration in families by race: Wildeman, Christopher and Sara Wakefield. “The Long Arm of the Law: The Concentration of Incarceration in Families in the Era of Mass Incarceration." Journal of Gender, Race, and Justice 17: 367-389.